PajamasPajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to numerous related kinds of clothing originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but from time to time also for lounging, also by each sexes. Extra commonly, pajamas could make reference to a number of clothes, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variants of style and substance.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from your Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The original pyjāmā are unfastened, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Enterprise rule in India.[eight]
The around the globe use of pajamas (the word and the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and 19th generations, as well as the British affect on the wider Western entire world throughout the Victorian period. Pajamas were introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they soon fell away from manner. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st half on the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a fashion in Britain along with the Western earth as sleeping apparel for guys right up until the Victorian period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great lots zenske pidzame of Other folks from your Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years ago, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix fabricated from soft material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas created prior to the fifties, but within the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've at times provided the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume major around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.